Kansas

January 12, 2013

Latest News

• Associated Press, 8-31-12: Kansas Supreme Court sides with BP over dirtied town
• KOAM-TV, Pittsburg, KS, 10-27-10: BP appealing civil judgment against them in case against the city of Neodesha
• Kansas City Business Journal, 5-20-10: Small Kansas town Neodesha makes its claim for a BP cleanup
• Washington Post, 6-6-04: Towns that grew on oil count the costs

A historic Kansas town built by Big Oil and poisoned by more than 70 years of refining operations has been left to die a slow death after losing an eight-year legal battle with BP.
The city of Neodesha, in southeastern Kansas midway between Kansas City and Oklahoma City, filed a lawsuit against BP in 2004 demanding a cleanup of toxic petrochemicals that permeate the groundwater beneath virtually all the homes and businesses in the city of 2,500. But after the longest trial in state history and an appeals process that lasted nearly five years, the Kansas Supreme Court ruled in August 2012 that BP had no further liabilities in Neodesha.
BP spent millions of dollars defending the lawsuit, and in the process divided the community into two camps: those for and those against a retired schoolteacher, Lucille Campbell, who was convinced the pollution beneath Neodesha was poisoning residents, especially young children.

Lucille Campbell at daughter's grave

The lawsuit, however, did not attempt to prove the contamination was causing health problems – the city only sued BP for property damages – and the company was able to convince state environmental officials that only minimal cleanup was needed. Mother Nature would take care of the rest, BP successfully argued, even if it took 100 years or more.
Neodesha had been the site of the first commercial oil well west of the Mississippi River in 1891. Six years later, in 1897, Standard Oil Co. built a refinery in the small town, which proceeded to grow into a thriving city supplying gasoline and diesel to the Midwest and special fuels to the U.S. military during two world wars.
The refinery also grew into a sprawling complex of boilers, processing equipment, storage tanks and industrial buildings spread over 320 acres, operated with few environmental controls by Amoco, one of the regional companies spawned by the breakup of Standard Oil in 1911. It hummed along for 73 years, until 1970, when Congress began passing strict environmental laws in response to a growing public backlash against industrial pollution.
At that point, Amoco simply walked away from Neodesha, giving the city $5,000 to raze the refinery buildings and open an industrial park on the site. The Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ordered tests on the soil and groundwater at the site, and when both were found to be heavily contaminated, parts of the old refinery were fenced off and sealed with a clay cover, and monitoring wells were installed. Parts of the site were redeveloped, though, with a cabinetmaker, a boat manufacturer and a few other companies moving in to keep the struggling city alive after Amoco left.
In 1998, British Petroleum bought Amoco in the largest industrial merger in history up to that point. Engineers were dispatched to Neodesha to determine what BP had acquired there, and by all indications they were stunned by what they found. Deadly chemicals like benzene and lead were found floating on top of the aquifer in a layer six feet thick in some places. But rather than develop plans for a full cleanup, BP hired a former KDHE engineer to help devise a response that would simply meet minimum state standards. Some contaminants were pumped out in a show of action, while BP assured the city that the pollution posed no threat to public health, since the community drew its water supply from the nearby Vertigris River, and not the underground aquifer.
Campbell, who grew up in Neodesha and lived across the street from the refinery when it was operating in the 1960s, was skeptical of BP’s claims. She knew that oily water often appeared on the streets and playgrounds of the city whenever heavy rains or melting snow pushed the groundwater upward, and many homes had old wells or leaky basements that could serve as conduit for toxic gases from below. There was still plenty of exposure to toxic chemicals, she reasoned, even though the refinery had been closed for decades.
Campbell researched state health statistics and found that the average age of death in Neodesha was lower than in most other Kansas cities. She scoured local newspaper records and interviewed residents, and found dozens of cases of childhood cancer and deaths from rare illnesses in the town. Worst of all, Campbell uncovered records that showed her own infant daughter, who died suddenly at 6 months of age when her family lived by the operating refinery in 1963, had a white blood-cell count indicating she had a deadly form of leukemia – something her doctors never revealed.
Lucille Campbell became a senior version of Erin Brockovich in Neodesha, pushing the city hard for two years before it filed its lawsuit against BP demanding a cleanup of the toxic groundwater. For her efforts, Campbell was bullied and badgered by BP in an attempt to turn the community against her – a gut-wrenching story described for the first time in Poisoned Legacy: The Human Cost of BP’s Rise to Power.
After the state Supreme Court sided with BP in the summer of 2012 – more than a decade after Campbell began campaigning for her town to be cleaned up – Campbell refused to give up. “The concerns remain about the same,” she wrote in a newsletter she distributed around the city after the court ruling came down. “Incidence of cancer and MS rates of school staff and students, cancer and heart attacks of industrial park workers, pollution under school grounds, poor condition of water and sewer lines, possible effect of pollution on intelligence, possible negative effects on animal life, and negative economic factors.”
Whether those concerns will ever be addressed is a very open question now.

7 Responses to Kansas

  1. Lucille Campbell on July 1, 2011 at 5:33 pm

    Congratulations to Mike Magner, a soul brave enough to expose BPs horrible practices. The pollution has been covered up for years as the refinery was considered sacred. Very little news coverage has been done by local news services. However the city’s water supply comes from Fall River. An underwriter’s account from state archives says Standard Oil dumped 1/2 their sewage into the city sewer lines and the other 1/2 into Fall River 1/4 mile DOWNGRADIENT from the sewage ouitlet. Also there is more to the Susan Baker story. Susan lost her first husband to a huge liver cancer about the same time they had a stillborn baby. She stayed in the same house, remarried and had twins. The baby girl was stillborn and the boy had to have major heart surgery and later a liver trasplant. Neodesha is a beautiful little town with very nice schools. Why then does it rank in the top death rates in the state, have the youngest population by U.S.. Census records, and have a death rate about twice that of Wichita and Kansas City? Mike has done a wonderful job on the book although it just touches the “tip of the iceberg” in regard to Neodesha’s problem. Too often I ask someone who says they live in Neodesha what they think about the pollution they give a blank look and say they didn’t know about it. Thank you Mike for daring to speak out on this sdubject.

  2. Lucille Campbell on July 1, 2011 at 5:36 pm

    OOPS! I erred on the downgradient statement. The city took in water 1/4 mile downgradient from the sewage outlet.

    • kelli frost on September 22, 2011 at 2:21 am

      i grew up in Neodesha and later moved away. My grandparents George and Nadine Stillwell lived in town for many years. In fact my grandpa worked for the refinery. I never heard of all the problems untill i had moved out of town. I am currently going to W.S.U. and i am doing a research paper on Neodesha and the pollution problem from the refinery. I would be grateful for any information you can help with thank you.

      • Administrator on October 19, 2011 at 3:34 am

        Kelli, Did Lucille Campbell ever respond? If you need to get in touch with her let me know and I can give her your contact info. Mike

        • Lucille Campbell on June 14, 2012 at 8:03 pm

          Sorry I missed Kelli’s message. I would be most happy to share my extensive info on the “mess”. There appears to be a movement to let it go as water under the bridge, Why should such a petty little town have such high death rates? In 1997 it was second in the state. Why are children playin soccer, baseball, softball,m and football on top of deadly pollution? There could be another book, “Nasty Neody” which could be a prize wsinner and blockbuster movie. Mike Magner did an awsesome job, more need to read Poisoned Legay. An 80 year old woman told me she had trouble getting th4e bokk from the Neodesha Library. A NEAT (Neodesha ENvironmetal Awareness Team) member bought one for the library. You would think when a book came outhighlightoing a ciiiity thee would be a rush to buy one for the library. Instead this woman was given some hogwash about the library being handicpped because of the credit cards they used. The next story to the lady was that certain city officials orderd the book to be kept off the shelves. SHAME! Her daughter questioned whether the official was familiar with our Constitution and freedom of speech. I am not on line and use one outside my home. PLEASE! If you are still collecting information call 620-325-3494.

  3. melissa johnson on September 18, 2012 at 8:47 pm

    i think anyone living in that area should be compensated by this company!!! my siblings and i grew up just across the railroad tracks from the site of the refinery. we use to play in that field and even had softball games at the softball fields there. but in my personal opinion everyone that lived in that area should be compensated not just the city and a handful of people. the house where my siblings and i grew up is no longer there as with alot of the houses. but i think that all people who lived there should be compensated but i know it will never happen its just a sad shame that none of us that grew up in that particular neighborhood will ever be compensated and infact we are all being overlooked……there should be way more people added to this list other than a few select

  4. Gerri Claibourn on January 17, 2013 at 11:16 pm

    My husband was hospitlized 27 February, 2012 & later in March was diagnosed with Multiple Myeloma. He was employed by Watco & has worked on that site for 15 years(it being Millenium Rail when Darrel was 1st hired). The company is built on the old refinery site. My husband makes the 4th or 5th person that has been diagnosed with cancer from that company. We live out of city limits, so it makes us wonder why there are so many cancer illnesses from that area.

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